How to Make a Minecraft Server

Setting up a Minecraft server can seem daunting, but with the right steps, you’ll have your own personal playground in no time. Whether you’re looking to play with friends or start a community, this guide will walk you through the process. And if you’re new to Minecraft, you might want to check out how to log in to Minecraft Bedrock Edition or learn how to change your skin in Minecraft.

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1. Verify the Latest Version of Java

Minecraft is a Java-based game, so the first thing you’ll need is the latest version of Java. If you don’t have it, download Java here.

Need Help Troubleshooting?
Some solutions to server issues require adjusting critical settings on your computer. If done improperly, it can damage your computer. For detailed help, refer to the Minecraft online server setup Wiki article.

2. Download Minecraft_Server.jar

To get started, you’ll need the server files:

  1. Visit the Minecraft Server Downloads page.
  2. Download minecraft_server.1.11.jar.
  3. Copy the downloaded file into a new folder on your desktop named “Minecraft Server”.
  4. Double-click minecraft_server.1.11.jar to run it.

Note: Minecraft versions update regularly. So, “1.11” might reference an older download. Always ensure you’re downloading the latest version.

3. Save as a Batch File to Run Server

Follow these steps to create a batch file:

  1. Right-click inside the “Minecraft Server” folder.
  2. Select “New” > “Text Document”.
  3. Name it “Run”.
  4. Open it and paste: cmd /k java ‐Xms1G ‐Xmx1G ‐jar minecraft_server.1.11.jar.
  5. Click “File” > “Save As”, select “All Files”, and name it “Run.bat”.

Remember: If you’re using a different server version, adjust the filename in the command.

4. Agree to the EULA

Before launching your server, you’ll need to agree to the EULA:

  1. Open eula.txt.
  2. Change eula=false to eula=true.

5. Launch Your Server

Simply double-click “Run.bat” to launch your server. A window will pop up with server details.

The Server Window

Your server window provides:

  1. Memory Usage – Check the Stats panel.
  2. Connected Players – View the Players panel.
  3. Server Messages & Chats – See the Log and Chat panel.
  4. Command Field – Enter server commands at the bottom-right.

For a comprehensive list of commands, click here.

6. Join Your Server

Ready to dive in?

  1. Launch Minecraft.
  2. Click “Multiplayer” > “Add Server”.
  3. Name your server.
  4. Enter “localhost” as the server address.
  5. Click “Done” and then “Join Server”.

7. Forward Your Ports

To allow others to join, you’ll need to adjust your router settings:

  1. Read about port forwarding.
  2. Find your router’s guide here.
  3. Follow the provided instructions.

Can’t find your router? Try searching for your model online or contact customer support.

8. Find Your External IP Address

To find your external IP:

  1. Visit Google.
  2. Search “external ip”.

Note down the IP address displayed.

9. Connect to Your Server

Others can now join using your external IP:

  1. Open Minecraft.
  2. Click “Multiplayer” > “Add Server”.
  3. Enter a server name.
  4. Input your external IP followed by :25565.

Tip: Share your IP only with trusted friends. Always prioritize safety!

10. Adjust the File

You can tweak game settings using the file:

  1. Open the file with a text editor.
  2. Adjust properties like gamemode or max-players.

For a full list of options, visit the Minecraft Wiki.

Caution: Only modify this file if you’re sure about the changes.

Setting up a Minecraft server is a rewarding experience. And once you’re familiar with the basics, you might want to explore how to make a map in Minecraft. Happy gaming!

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